Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin introduced the draft budget for consideration by the capital’s parliament
“I must say that the education budget for 2020 has grown by 25% and amounts to 415 billion rubles, in 2019 – 330 billion rubles. Total for 2020–2022 budget funds in the amount of 1 trillion 278.6 billion rubles are envisaged, ”said Anton Molev, deputy head of the Moscow City Department of Education and Science, during a meeting of the Moscow City Duma Commission on Education.
He noted that in the draft budget, the largest amount in the field of education is funds for training pupils of preschool groups, schoolchildren and students.
“Today, more than a million schoolchildren and over 500,000 preschoolers study in Moscow schools at the expense of these funds, and almost 62,000 students in colleges,” added Anton Molev.
He specified that budget planning is based on the principle of formula-based, personality-oriented financing.
Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin submitted the draft budget to the capital’s parliament.
The directors of educational organizations in Izhevsk and Saratov, as well as their deputies, will learn about the technology of conducting an interactive pedagogical council and other tools for the work of a modern school manager during online training at the Moscow Center for the Development of Human Resources in Education.
“The first day of school showed that the interactive teachers’ council, which is widely used in the Moscow education system, is a restructuring of thinking. A non-standard form of conduct, in my opinion, will allow a deeper analysis of the state of relations between the school and society, teach to build relationships with parents, taking into account their needs, the degree of activity and the level of psychological and pedagogical competence. The search for optimal forms of joint work of the school and the family in the interests of the child will make it possible in the future to create a system based on the interaction of pedagogical, student and parental collectives as equal partners, “said Larisa Revutskaya, Chair of the Saratov Education Committee.
The training takes place in a distance format and includes several modules, the main ones are change management and work in large groups. This approach ensures the involvement of each member of the school team in the discussion of common problems and the development of joint solutions.
“The format of training is interesting, since both the project approach and those new tools of the school manager, which have already proven their effectiveness in practice, are presented here. For example, an interactive pedagogical council. By developing a scenario for a teachers’ council, analyzing the degree of readiness for changes in their teams, learning to work with large audiences, colleagues gain good practical experience, “said Natalya Gvozdkova, head of the Izhevsk Education Department.
To date, more than 5,000 people have become members of pedagogical councils in a new format. The Moscow experience of conducting interactive teachers’ councils is already being applied in North Ossetia. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that the director of the school, who has effective management experience and experience of working with large audiences, becomes the moderator of the teacher’s council, while the director of the school in which the teacher’s council is held acts as the same participant as any other member of the school team. On the website of the Moscow Center for the Development of Human Resources in Education, you can get acquainted with the most popular topics of interactive teachers’ councils, as well as join the League of project moderators.
The Federal Institute for Pedagogical Measurements (FIPI) has published the results of a sample analysis of final essays in the 2018/19 academic year and guidelines for preparing for the final essay.
“It is recommended to start preparing for an essay from the 5th grade of basic school, developing students’ skills to define concepts, establish analogies, build logical reasoning and draw conclusions, consciously use speech means, oral and written skills. It is recommended to start preparation with a multilateral analysis of ready-made beowulf epic hero essay fiction and journalistic texts, “- stated in the recommendations.
Schoolchildren should learn to compare and arrange in a single semantic series the events and characters of the works of different authors and eras in accordance with the task of a particular essay, build logical reasoning and draw conclusions.
Preparatory work should be carried out systematically. It is recommended to complete at least three test essays during the academic year, to perform tasks in the classroom related to the formation of both specific skills and their complex necessary for writing an essay. Work on errors in essays should be done based on the criteria for their assessment.
The published materials contain examples of graduates’ work with an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of these works, recommendations for preventing common mistakes.
The full text of the guidelines can be found on the FIPI website. There are also published guidelines for preparing for the final presentation and recommendations for drawing up a professional development program for teachers of the Russian language and literature on teaching essay writing and presentation.
Choosing an education strategy for children with special needs is one of the most pressing issues that parents and educators face.
Which school is more suitable for the child – inclusive or correctional? What should you pay special attention to when choosing an educational organization? How to build a training strategy and determine the professional future of graduates? All these questions were discussed by experts of the Educational Environment program.
Tatiana Solovieva, director of the Institute of Correctional Pedagogy of the Russian Academy of Education, stressed that it is necessary to remember about creating a special environment for teaching children with special educational needs.
“Wherever a child with special needs receives education, it should be special in every sense: it concerns approaches, conditions, content and methods. Most of these children need a specially structured environment, including equipment and furnishings for classrooms, libraries, corridors, gyms, provision of special textbooks, didactic materials, a special organization of the educational process itself, ”the expert said.
Tatiana Volokh, the director of school No. 7, which operates according to adapted basic educational programs (Sergiev-Posad, Moscow Region), informed about how specialists help families to decide on the choice of one or another school.
“The main starting point for organizing the education of special children is the child’s passage of the central psychological, medical and pedagogical commission or the territorial psychological, medical and pedagogical commission, whose recommendations determine the child’s future educational route. The commissions prescribe the need to organize special conditions, without which the process of learning and development is impossible. And then comes the right to choose the parents of an educational institution in which their child will be able to realize their special educational needs, ”she said.
Ivan Vishnivetsky, director of the Moscow Boarding School No. 1 for the Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind, draws attention to the importance of working with parents: their decision largely determines what the child’s education will be, how he can fit into the educational process, how safe his school life will be for health …
“From the very beginning it is necessary to explain to parents that the choice of educational organizations for children depends on several factors – the degree of the child’s illness, nosology and the expediency of studying in a particular school. Then the parents decide for themselves, our task is to carry out explanatory work. If a child is put in a place where classes will not be able to him, then we will simply discourage the desire to study and worsen his health, ”he commented.
Adele Vilshanskaya, director of the Moscow School No. 2124 “Center for Development and Correction”, shares the same opinion. She explained that when choosing an educational organization in favor of inclusive schools, walking accessibility most often speaks, the advantage of correctional schools is the special base that such organizations have. Moreover, the transfer from one school to another is possible at the request of the parents at any time.
“Inclusive and special education are not opposed to each other, the parent of a special child can, based on the opinion of experts, choose the option that is optimal for the child and family. Inclusive and remedial schools work closely together. Now, both correctional and inclusive education is actively supported and developed, ”said Adel Vilshanskaya.
Tatiana Solovyova added that both areas of work are important: this is evidenced by the growing interest in inclusive education (in the 2018/19 academic year, more than 124 thousand families chose this format, and in 2019/2020 – already about 170 thousand), and demand for correctional schools. She clarified that there are guys who really need this kind of education.
All experts noted that schools provide an opportunity for children to socialize. According to experts, this is no less important than training.